The Physical Therapists at Functional Kids Clinic treat children with medical diagnoses including torticollis, cerebral palsy, Down Syndrome, autism, developmental delays, injury rehabilitation, delay in gross motor skills, concerns with decreased strength, coordination and balance, plus a variety of other diagnoses.
Physical therapy uses the following treatment techniques:
- Motor skills
- Neurodevelopmental treatment
- Coordination skills
- Balance activities
- Gait training
- Neuromotor re-education
- Kinesio taping
- McConnell Taping
- Craniosacral treatment
- Core stability
- Strain Counterstrain for the spine
- Visceral Manipulation
The product is a type of thin latex free elastic cotton tape with a acrylic adhesive. Designed to mimic human skin, with roughly the same thickness and imitates epidermis’ inherent elastic properties; the tape can be stretched 30-40% of its resting longitudinal length. How the tape affects the body is dependent on its usage throughout the body and how it is applied. Some of the benefits of elastic therapeutic tape include proprioceptive facilitation, muscle facilitation, reduced muscle fatigue, reduced delayed-onset muscle soreness, pain inhibition, and enhanced healing such as reduced edema, improvement of lymphatic drainage and blood flow.
The concepts developed by Australian physiotherapist Jenny McConnell are based on an understanding of the influence of posture on dynamic activities as a causative factor for musculoskeletal symptoms and the beneficial effects of unloading soft tissue, usually with tape, to immediately decrease pain and optimize treatment. An example of this is Knee taping (also known as patellar taping) is a procedure performed by physical therapist or physicians to alleviate the symptoms of patellofemoral pain.
The therapist lightly palpates the patient's body, and focuses intently on the communicated movements. Patients often report feelings of deep relaxation during and after the treatment session, and may feel light-headed, more centered or overall an improved wellbeing. Practitioners of craniosacral therapy assert that there are small, rhythmic motions of the cranial bones attributed to cerebrospinal fluid pressure or arterial pressure. The premise of CST is that palpation of the cranium can be used to detect this rhythmic movement of the cranial bones and selective pressures may be used to manipulate the cranial bones to achieve a therapeutic result. Children with autism, cerebral palsy and other neurologically comprimised clients usually benefit from CST.
Visceral Manipulation involves the release of tension in the ligaments of the organs in the body. It is a gentle, pain free, but relatively deep tissue therapy with the entire emphasis on making sure that the organs move and glide freely. Frequently the cause of the lack of motion in the organs is due to severe trauma to the body (i.e. car accidents, falls, severe stress, etc.). When the abdominal cavity is compromised (this occurs when the ligaments shift out of place for whatever reason), the body's organs are unable to move freely - and thus unable to work efficiently and to their full capacity resulting in pain, abnormal organ functions and chronic irritation. Visceral manipulation locates the misplaced ligaments and encourages your body to improve the natural functioning of your organs, by easing stress within the body.
Strain-Counterstrain is a type of "passive positional release". It is a hands-on treatment that alleviates muscle and connective tissue tightness by the use of very specific treatment positions held for 90 seconds to 3 minutes depending on the client’s tissue. During the procedure, the involved tissue is put into a postion of relaxation of the "spasm" which, in turn, allows local areas of inflammation, trapped within the painful tissue to dissipate. Following this "release" there is an immediate reduction of pain and tension in the involved tissue. This relaxation helps restore normal joint mobility and is also beneficial to other structures in the region that may have been compressed. This gentle and painless technique is a very effective treatment for a wide variety of orthopedic conditions such as headaches, fibromyalgia, sciatica, tendinitis, chronic neck pain, and post-surgical conditions.
Myofascial Release is a gentle stretching of the fascia. The stretch is guided by feedback the therapist feels from the patient's body. This feedback tells the therapist how much force to use, the direction of the stretch and how long to stretch. Small areas of muscle are stretched at a time. The feedback the therapist feels determines which muscles are stretched and in what order. The physical therapist finds an area of tightness by feel often times the client are unable to detect these points due to being use to them and then the therapist puts the tissue on a stretch. The physical therapist then waits for the tissue to relax and then again increases the stretch until the area is fully relaxed. Then the physical therapist may need to move on the next tight area to be released. Progress is measured by a decrease in the patient's pain and by an improvement in overall posture or range of motion.